Friday, October 31, 2008

A bad day for F-7, J-7's export version.


Their (F7s) missile systems failed to ‘lock on with the enemy aircraft

Interceptors’ missile ‘lock on’ failure jolts SLAF
Kelanitissa loses capacity to generate 275 mega watts
by Shamindra Ferdinando


http://www.island.lk/2008/10/30/news3.html

Tuesday’s failure to shoot down a single LTTE aircraft despite timely detection by radar has jolted the SLAF into investigating its limitations amidst evidence that the enemy has acquired a capability to neutralise the threat of a heat seeking missile attack.

An authoritative source said that Chinese F7s launched from Katunayake air base had failed to zero-in-on the enemy aircraft. "Their (F7s) missile systems failed to ‘lock on with the enemy aircraft," the source said. This would necessitate an overall review of the SLAF’s strategy, the source said. The military asserted that the LTTE could try to exploit the situation.

The initial detection had been made north-east of Mannar at 10.18 p.m. by 2D radar installed by the Government of India at the SLAF base at Vavuniya.

Thaladdi had come under attack within minutes after the detection, the source said.

Both the Indian radar and a Chinese 3D radar station located in the Western Province had detected the enemy aircraft but interceptors failed to carry out a successful missile strike. 2D radar provides direction and the distance of a target whereas the Chinese radar provides even the altitude of a target.

Last September, a heat seeking missile fired by an interceptor brought down one of the two LTTE aircraft returning to their base after attacking Vavuniya air base. Although the LTTE denied the SLAF claim, a senior military official pointed out that the LTTE had deployed only one aircraft to carry out Tuesday’s operation. Each previous raid directed at military and economic targets had involved two aircraft, the official said. "May be they are now left with one aircraft," he speculated. But the possibility of their having additional aircraft couldn’t be ruled out, he said.

The SLAF said that after dropping two bombs on Thaladdi base, the aircraft had veered westwards towards the sea and flew southwards before moving back towards land at a point near estuary of the Kelani River. The SLAF said that the aircraft had taken almost the same route back to its base in the Vanni. Under anti-aircraft fire, the LTTE plane had dropped two bombs over the Kelanitissa power facility.

The damage caused to two power stations, combined cycle power plant and diesel powered Fiat GT 7 installed within the Kelanitissa complex would cause a severe deficit in the country’s electricity demand.

Although Power Minister John Seneviratne and his Deputy Mahindananda Aluthgamage played down the issue, The Island learns that the GT 7 had been severely damaged. After inspecting the damaged facility, Seneviratne said that it would take about six months restore GT 7.

Addressing a hurriedly arranged press conference at Kelanitissa, the minister expressed confidence that the CEB would be able to meet any shortfall of supply through other means. Kelanitssa workers told The Island that both stations had been switched off pending investigations. They said that the GT 7 generated 110 mega watts while the combined cycle power plant generated 165 mega watts. Altogether, they generated 275 mega watts out of 530 mega watts produced by Kelanitissa facility.

They said the severe damage caused to the combined cycle power plant would deny the country the capacity to generate 55 mega watts almost free of charge. Of this particular plant, 110 mega watts were generated by using naphtha and 55 mega watts produced as a byproduct, they said. "This would be heavy burden on the taxpayer," a senior employee told The Island.

The SLAF is responsible for a series of highly successful air strikes against the LTTE since August 2006. The LTTE fighting capability has been greatly reduced to SLAF action directed against a range of targets.

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Four more Mi-26 to China

Putin, Wen Sign Off on Oil Pipeline

http://www.moscowtimes.ru/article/600/42/372000.htm



29 October 2008By Anatoly Medetsky / Staff WriterPrime Minister Vladimir Putin and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao agreed to build an oil pipeline to China and signed off on a raft of other agreements Tuesday.

The leaders also discussed ways to jointly counter the global financial crisis, just three weeks before leaders from Russia, China and other countries gather for an emergency summit in Washington to grapple with the same problem.

"It's hard to find another country in the world that is our partner with such a wide range of interaction," Putin said after the talks.

The filling of the new pipeline remained a question however, as Rosneft and Transneft will have to continue talks with China's state-owned CNPC and Chinese banks for another four weeks. The companies have until Nov. 25 to sign the final long-term oil supply deal that would give the Russian companies access to large Chinese loans, said Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin, who oversees energy policy.

"All aspects of cooperation have been discussed in the course of negotiations with the Chinese side, including the financial ones," Sechin said, Interfax reported. "We don't have any disagreements."

The Russian companies could take out export-backed loans from Chinese banks to finance their investment, Sechin said.

"The amount of the credit will be defined depending on the cost of the projects that the companies will implement. It is considerable," Sechin said.

Rosneft spokesman Nikolai Manvelov said the company would not comment on ongoing talks. Transneft spokesman Mikhail Barkov was busy and unavailable for comment Tuesday afternoon, his secretary said.

Transneft, the national oil pipeline monopoly that would carry the oil, signed an agreement with CNPC that sets the principles of constructing and operating the oil pipeline to China. It would begin at Skovorodino, some 70 kilometers from the Chinese border, and would be an offshoot of the East Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipeline that Russia is building to supply Asian markets.

Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for Putin, denied that Russia and China were supposed to clinch the oil-for-loans deal Tuesday. "The issue is still being worked on," he said. "There was no goal to make this decision on any concrete date."

Industry sources said Monday that Russia and China would sign the deal Tuesday, Reuters reported. Under the deal, Rosneft would commit to shipping 300 million tons of oil over the next 20 years, 4 percent of China's current annual demand. Chinese banks would lend Rosneft and Transneft a total of $20 billion to $25 billion, at a time when the liquidity crunch is making borrowing harder. If the loan were agreed, Russia's state-run oil major Rosneft would get three-fifths of the funds, while state pipeline monopoly Transneft would obtain the other two-fifths.

Rosneft and CNPC apparently have yet to settle all of their points of contention, mainly the price, said Valery Nesterov, an energy analyst at Troika Dialog. Under the current supply deal that expires in 2010, Rosneft loses $5 to $7 per barrel when oil prices are high, he said. Rosneft now sends the oil by rail.

In other areas of possible cooperation, Russia and China should join forces to fight the global crisis and reform the global financial order, Wen said.

Speaking after his talks with Putin, Wen said the two had discussed an "opportunity to jointly counter a financial and economic crisis and strengthen our financial cooperation." "I think this all will be useful for the stabilization of our national economy, stabilization at the capital markets," he said in comments released by Putin's office.

Putin for his part urged China to jettison the dollar in favor of national currencies in bilateral trade.

Speaking at the Russia-China economic forum in Moscow, he said the world economy based on the dollar is "experiencing big problems," adding that both countries needed to move to "wider use of national currencies."

Putin has blamed the United States for its "irresponsibility" in letting the global crisis happen and sought to build support for the ruble in the past.

Russian and Chinese leaders are scheduled to participate in a summit in Washington on Nov. 15 that will discuss measures to stem the crisis and overhaul the world financial architecture.

In other deals, Rosatom agreed to build two more nuclear power reactors at the Tianwan Power Plant with China's State Nuclear Industry Corporation.

Russian arms maker Oboronprom and China's AVICopter signed a memorandum to jointly develop a civilian heavy helicopter. "We've had the blueprints, and they have the money," said Ilya Yakushev, a spokesman for Oboronprom, referring to China. China wants to develop and produce the helicopter, whose weight will be around 30 tons, on its own territory, said Russian Helicopters, Oboronprom's helicopter manufacturing subsidiary.

China is ready to finance the project, said the company, adding that any details were up for negotiation. The Mi-46 helicopter currently being developed in Russia could provide the basis for the new aircraft, the company said in a statement.

Russian Helicopters also signed a framework agreement to sell four older, Mi-26 heavy helicopters to China, the world's largest helicopter importer, the company said.

Anatoly Chubais, director of the State Nanotechnology Corporation, and Cao Jianlin, China's deputy science and technology minister, signed an agreement to create a strategic partnership on nanotechnologies between the two countries. Russia and China will jointly research nanotechnology and produce nano-based products in an industrial park in Suzhou, China, and later in Russia, the Russian company said in a statement.

Also at the forum, Mechel, the country's biggest coking coal producer, signed a memorandum of intent with China's state-run metals firm Minmetals aiming at establishing a long-term partnership on building and restructuring Mechel facilities, Mechel said in a statement.

Banking deals include an agreement between Gazprombank and the Export-Import Bank of China, and a framework agreement between Vneshekonombank, or VEB, and China Development Bank to jointly finance investment projects. Under the deal, Gazprombank would receive a $300 million credit line from the Export-Import Bank of China to finance Russian imports from China. VEB and China Development Bank will finance projects in energy, aviation, shipbuilding and transportation as well as eco-friendly projects, among others, the Russian bank said.

Russian Railways, which plans to cut spending next year and seek about $6 billion in loans, has asked China to join efforts to develop rail links from the Pacific Ocean to Europe, company president Vladimir Yakunin said. He said China had reacted positively to an offer to join the company's venture with Deutsche Bahn to carry out the project.

Official: Taiwan plans military contact with China

Official: Taiwan plans military contact with China
The Associated Press
Published: October 29, 2008



TAIPEI, Taiwan: Taiwan is considering the first-ever contacts between its military and the People's Liberation Army of mainland China but has set no timetable for such meetings, a senior Taiwanese defense official said Wednesday.

Defense ministry spokeswoman Lisa Chi's comments were a step further in Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou's efforts to improve long-strained ties with rival China, as Taiwan readies the red carpet for the arrival of a senior Chinese envoy next week.

Chi told The Associated Press that the ministry would start with bilateral contacts between retired and junior military officers first, and "then move on to high-level meetings between senior officials."

"No timetable has been set for the military exchange," Chi said. "It will come after the government holds discussions on economic and political issues with China."

TV news reports showed Minister of National Defense Chen Chao-min telling local reporters on Tuesday that meetings between senior officials from the two sides would help reduce misunderstandings and the possibility of either side resorting to force.


President Ma Ying-jeou said earlier this year that he wants to push for discussions with China on economic issues first, and then proceed to tackle thorny diplomatic and security issues.

He said eventually he wants to sign a formal peace treaty with Beijing, though without specifying what it might contain.

Taiwan and China split amid civil war in 1949. Beijing continues to claim the island as part of its territory, and threatens to attack if Taiwan moves to formalize its independence.

Since Ma took office on May 20, he has made efforts to overturn his predecessor's fierce anti-China platform and seek better ties with the mainland.

Within a month of his inauguration, he sent a delegation to Beijing to resume bilateral talks after a hiatus of almost ten years. Through the talks, Ma was able to facilitate the beginning of regular weekend charter flights across the 100-mile-(160-kilometer-)wide Taiwan Strait, and secure an increasing number of mainland tourists to visit.

Ma will also see the arrival of Chairman Chen Yunlin of China's semiofficial Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait, the most senior Chinese envoy yet to visit the island since the 1949 split, next week.

Chen will be holding talks with his Taiwanese counterpart Chiang Pin-kung, head of the Straits Exchange Foundation. Taiwanese officials have said the talks will focus only on economic issues including the expansion of weekend charter flights to weekday service.

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

Okey, here is a short report on Vanguard-2008 in Englisn

Note to PLA's PR Department, STOP using words like "peace-loving" to describe a military ex, believe me, it will backfire and became a joke in no time.



China's military exercise Vanguard-2008 concludes
www.chinaview.cn 2008-10-28 21:43:54

ZHENGZHOU, Oct. 28 (Xinhua) -- A military exercise code-named "Vanguard-2008" that partly opened to foreign students studying at China's military academies concluded in the central Henan Province on Tuesday, winning applause from the foreign observers.

The week-long exercise was performed by a 2,200-strong armored brigade from the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Jinan Military Area Command, whose armaments are said to be among the best in the PLA land forces.

Armed with equipment including armored cars, armed helicopters and transport helicopters, the brigade fought fictitious "Blue Army" targets on a mountainous island with live ammunition.

The brigade fired at nearly 70 targets with more than 7,000 rounds of various ammunitions during the exercise, according to brigade commander Zhang Jianfeng.

"We can see from the military exercise the commanders not only have the idea of a plan, but also they can implement the designs, "said Frouarl Loic Roger Horst, a French colonel who studies at China's University of National Defense.

"China is an important force for peace-keeping in the world. The exercise shows that we can cooperate more. We can deploy more people on the peace-keeping operation together," he added.

Army Major Siew Ha Chean from Malaysia, the only female in the 179-member foreign student group, said she was impressed by the use of combined armies of different services during the exercise, "that is the something very new to me because it's my first time to see it on the spot."

Maj Zahid Hamid Kiani, group captain of Pakistani air force, said with the exercise partly open to foreigners, China has sent a signal of peace-loving to the rest of the world.

The 179 foreigners, from 67 countries, are mostly first year students at the Beijing-based University of National Defense and the Nanjing Army Command College in eastern Jiangsu Province.

It is the largest group of foreign military students to observe a military exercise of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

The annual drill is divided into four stages -- change of combat readiness, long-distance maneuvers, strategy planning, and combat. It is designed to test the capacity of the brigade on carrying out joint action with different arms of services in mountainous areas.




Here are some CCTV captures.














Saturday, October 25, 2008

Someone should translate today's PLAdaily OpEd into English,

"Reflections on the Chinese Army’s Transformation and Reform"
by Lt General (Ret) Li Jijun of Academy of Military Science.

In 1997 as part of faculty exchange program, Lieutenant General Li Jijun addressed United States War College with a speech titled “Traditional Military Thinking and the Defenses Strategy of China”

You can find that speech here.
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB82.pdf
with the following Introduction from 1997:

Lieutenant General Li Jijun is the Vice President of the
Chinese People's Liberation Army's Academy of Military Science.
The Academy is the principal military institution for developing
military doctrine and strategic theory in the People's Republic
of China. Established in 1958 on the northwestern side of
Beijing, the Academy has a mostly military staff of about 500
full-time researchers, engineers, and specialists, some of whom
are scholars of national repute and tutors of doctoral
candidates.
The Academy is more than a national defense university. It
conducts research on national defense issues, armed forces
development, and military operations. It organizes, plans, and
coordinates academic endeavors throughout the People's Liberation
Army (PLA) and maintains a broad range of contacts with all PLA
units. In addition to performing theoretical analyses and
academic study, the Academy deploys senior faculty teams to
augment operational headquarters during times of conflict.
Moreover, the Academy performs consultant functions for China's
Central Military Commission and the General Departments of the
PLA.


The OpEd:

中国陆军变革与转型的发轫
http://www.chinamil.com.cn/site1/xwpdxw/2008-10/26/content_1521756.htm

军事科学院 李际均
2008-10-26 06:42:36 来源:解放军报第3版

【 字号:大 中 小 】 【 我要打印 】 【 我要纠错 】
【 Email推荐: 】

人物小传:李际均,黑龙江哈尔滨人,1934年5月出生,1950年12月入伍。曾任军司令部侦察参谋、军事科学院学术调研室主任、北京军区陆军师长、军长、机械化集团军军长、中央军委办公厅主任、军事科学院副院长等职。现为中国孙子兵法研究会名誉会长、中国国际战略学会高级顾问、中国政策研究会国家安全政策委员会高级顾问、中国国际问题研究和交流基金会顾问、国防大学兼职教授、北京大学兼职教授。著有《论战略》、《军事战略思维》、《军事理论与战争实践》等专著。

20世纪70年代末以后,伴随中国改革开放的发展,国防建设和军队建设实行了战略性的转变。当时作为陆军转型的基本内容,是从骡马化步兵向摩托化步兵再向机械化陆军的转变。我有幸亲历了这个进程。

1985年1月,我从北京军区的一个骡马化的步兵师师长职位调任某军军长。临上任前,军区秦基伟司令员把我叫到他的办公室,对我说:“你去的这个军是一支有光荣历史、号称‘万岁军’的部队,是全军组建集团军的试点单位。你去的主要任务就是完成机械化集团军的试点工作,不仅是编制调整,还有一系列的工作要做,诸如内部工作程序的建立、新装备的熟悉掌握,特别是由高级战术兵团上升为战役军团的作战指导等问题,都要很好解决。军委杨尚昆副主席指示,组建集团军是我军过去没有搞过的,试点工作只能搞好不能搞坏,只准成功,不许失败。”当我起身告辞时,秦司令员握着我的手,嘱咐说:“你参加过抗美援朝战争,是战争年代成长的最后一批干部,要把我军优良作风和战斗力传承下去!”秦司令员与部属谈话就像下达作战命令一样,威严而简短,铿锵而明确,使人不由得产生一种不容犹疑的使命感与责任感。

如何完成机械化集团军试点工作?1985年初我在集团军常委会上提出完成集团军试点工作总体思路的建议,大体内容是:机械化集团军是个新事物,单凭直觉经验无法形成对各个组成部分和总体作战能力的认识,只有对构成集团军作战能力诸要素进行定量与定性分析和论证,才能提出符合实际的任务目标,并在此基础上研究战法。通过论证研究,可以加强合成意识,重视兵种建设和使用;可以优化武器装备结构,为改进现行编制装备提供科学依据,同时还能有效地提高指挥员和机关的军事素质。具体工作大致划分三个阶段:一是调整扩编、接收装备,进行基础训练,可以称作是“硬件建设”阶段;二是进行机械化集团军作战能力论证和作战行动研究,可以称作是“软件建设”阶段;三是进行机械化集团军进攻战役实兵检验性演习,可以称作是综合验收阶段。整个试点工作形成三个互相联系、互为前提,并且一环扣一环的系统工程。这个方案的提出,得益于我过去在军事科学院从事军事科研工作的经历。试点工作方案在高天正政委主持的军党委常委会上获得一致通过。


从编制到训练的变革

按照上级命令,我们这个军从1983年初到1985年10月先后进行三次整编,第一次是按照上级颁发的“ 摩托化步兵军暂行编制”进行整编。第二次是按照上级颁发的“陆军合成集团军编制试点方案”进行整编。最后一次基本定型是1985年7至10月,根据中央军委对全军精减整编的部署和北京军区的命令,实行“机械化集团军试验编制”,并重新任命集团军领导成员。这次整编,我集团军是军区的先行单位,任务很重,扩编与缩编、撤销与新建、调入与调出、改建与转隶的单位,多达数百个。1985年11月1日正式执行机械化集团军新编制。军委、总部和军区对集团军试点工作非常重视,杨尚昆副主席、余秋里主任、张爱萍部长、秦基伟司令员都曾亲临部队视察指导。

在军事训练方面,着重抓几个转变:从战术训练为主转变到以战役训练为主;从步兵训练为主转变为专业技术训练为主;从单一兵种训练为主,转变为合成训练为主。在训练中,我们强调从难从严。

有两件事给我留下很深的印象:一个是为了打好基础,发扬优良传统作风,摩托化师进行步兵连战术考核中,把全师连长、指导员编成一个干部连队,与各团抽出的参加考核的建制连队一起拉到太行山区的狼牙山下,进行远程奔袭演练。他们在炎热干旱的气候条件下,发扬当年在朝鲜战场向三所里、龙源里穿插作战,创造“万岁军”业绩的精神,连续三昼夜不停顿地进行多课目演练。那天我到东道庄检查训练情况时,看到指战员们衣服上都是白霜,连枪背带和手枪套都是白花花的,那是汗水反复浸透又晒干留下的汗碱。师参谋长谷密山同志告诉我,这个干部连队到宿营地后,90多个人当场喝下的和灌水壶的开水竟用了七大锅!

另一件是,我们还把全集团军的团长集中进行考核,包括按照地图堆制作战地域沙盘、判断情况、定下决心、标绘作战决心图、口述战斗命令、情况处置等等。团长们大汗淋漓、各显神通。有的双手标图;有的定下决心、口述战斗命令,一气呵成,滴水不漏。

  集团军怎样作战?

1985年3月,集团军召开了试点论证工作会议,研究部署集团军作战能力论证和进攻战役行动研究的总体规划,确定论证主要课题、标准和分工。军、师、团各级军事主官担任论证组长。进行集团军作战能力论证和战役行动研究是一件庞大而复杂的工作,既要有总体论证,又要有集团军和各种类型的师旅、各兵种作战能力的论证,以及各种战斗保障、技术保障与后勤保障能力的论证等。要求以作战方案为背景,立足于最复杂最困难的情况,在广泛总结、研究以往作战经验和本集团军各种演习的实验数据的基础上,运用多种方法(包括兰彻斯特方程、指数法、实践经验和专家评估等),进行多种情况、多种方案的研究论证,提出机械化集团军各组成部分及总体作战能力的初步结论,并在此基础上研究作战行动的特点。试点论证工作持续整整一年。最紧张阶段,我每天只睡4个小时,白天抓部队工作,夜里修改下面送来的论证材料,为了怕睡过头,我把铁哑铃当枕头,睡4个小时就硌醒了。

开始时,大家不知道如何搞。于是我们就运用抓典型带动一般的做法。先组织数学水平较高的炮兵指挥部的参谋们进行集团军在各种情况下的炮兵支援能力的论证。首先分析战役发起阶段和纵深作战阶段不同时节的目标数量、性质与分布;然后计算需要和可能的火力密度,包括地面炮兵一次齐射和一分钟齐射的弹丸重量和压制面积,高射炮兵的掩护空域面积以及所需弹药消耗。经过我反复修改后,作为样板下发各论证单位借鉴。

我们坚持论证与试验相结合,用论证促进训练,用训练丰富论证。为了取得可靠数据,我们利用一些专项演习,如机械化步兵团反空降演习,通信拉动演习,工程兵演习等。特别是组织高炮、高射机枪、100滑膛炮与美、法、德三国武装直升机进行对抗演习(这项演习是总参装备部指导进行的)。所有这些演习,都专门布置实验题目,获取经验数据,为改进战法和论证工作提供实践依据。

1985年夏天,机械化师开赴内蒙驻训期间,集团军专门下达了试验项目,从铁路输送、开进、集结、展开到交战,共完成100多个战术、技术试验课题。当年 11月下旬,为检验新配备的重型机械化桥的性能和部队训练水平,并取得试验数据,集团军组织工兵团在房山青龙头水库进行重型机械化桥架设演习。当时有总部工程兵部的领导、工程师,还有几十位回国集训的我国驻外武官前来参观。那天天气阴沉,风很大,测试水温接近零度,操作难度相当大。当架设到第三节钢桥时,我发现已经竖起来还没放下的桥架底部提前脱钩。我立刻对站在身边的团参谋长杨义成说:“不对,出事故了!”只见失去重心的巨大钢桥架连同50吨重的架桥车和车上7名操作工兵瞬间翻入几米深的水底。参观台上有人喊:“工兵操作失误!”我摆一下手说:“现在不是分清责任的时候!”就跑到水边组织救人。所幸落水战士全都安全上岸。刚从冰冷水里爬上来的战士对我说:“军长,我们操作没有问题,请批准我们接着干!”我说:“好样的!”他们不顾寒冷疲劳,一直把桥架到对岸。参观人员热烈鼓掌,并说:“你们军的战士真了不起!”后来查明的确不是战士操作问题,而是设备电路出的问题,研制生产部门承担责任并据此作了改进。

1986年4月,我军召开了集团军试点论证工作总结会议。北京军区秦基伟司令员、杨白冰政委到会,对这项工作给予了充分的肯定,会后将我们完成的五大本共约150万字的机械化集团军作战能力论证和作战行动研究成果转发全区部队。试点论证的收获是多方面的。一是使各级指挥员、机关部门领导开阔了视野,拓宽了知识面,积累了大量数据,方便了工作,对作战的客观物质基础和作战运用做到心中有数,为随后进行的战役演习打下了军事学术基础。二是对机械化集团军试验编制装备存在的问题、今后的发展设想、战役行动应抓住的关键问题,向上级提出了有根据的建议。特别是通过论证工作,为集团军培养造就了一批人才,各级机关树立了科学严谨工作作风,其成效是非常明显的。


10年以后,我率领军事科学院代表团到美国访问,美国陆军训练与条令司令部副参谋长斯凯尔斯将军向我介绍了他们建立的数字化模拟系统,然后让我提问。我根据过去搞过作战能力论证的经验向他们提出问题。

我问:“你们这套系统运用的数学模型是怎样对战斗力进行量化和计算的?”不出所料,斯凯尔斯将军答复说:“我们是用兰彻斯特方程。”

于是我又问:“兰彻斯特方程是不考虑人的因素的。你们在评估过程中是否有主观的、人工给定的成分?”

斯凯尔斯:“是的。按照这个方程,一般来说,胜利属于武器杀伤力强的一方,这可能就是这一方程式的缺陷。现在我们在训练中对这一评估方法有所改变,实行随机导演。”

这说明我们的论证方法是科学的。我们除了用兰彻斯特方程之外,还采用指数法、经验数据、实验结果和专家评估等方法加以综合考虑。但我们的数据特别是实战数据不如他们完备。

  实兵对抗演习

1986年6至8月,在北京军区首长和机关直接领导下,在内蒙朱日和地区进行机械化集团军实兵检验性大演习,以验收机械化集团军试点成果。

这次演习有4个明显的特点。一是投入现代化装备多,当时几乎所有的我军陆军最新装备都用上了。二是实兵对抗并进行部分实弹射击演习,由于组织工作严密,没有发生意外伤亡事件。三是节约经费,讲求实效。由于这次演习事先没有下拨专项经费,而这样大规模的演习,按正常训练经费是难以完成的,我们只能从本集团军内部调剂,以保证演习的最低需求。四是活导活演,贴近实战。

演习中有一些故事值得一提。具体领导演习导演部工作的是北京军区周衣兵副司令员,他是一位战争实践经验丰富的老将军。他执导演习从来不拘一格,往往“出奇招、设难题”,随机导演成分大,指挥要求高。有一次,我们机关的一位处长,在招待军区派来的“调理员”之后,凑到我耳根说:“军长,我把他的调理计划摸到一点眉目啦!”我说:“我不听!我们按自己的真实水平,根据实际情况作出判断、定下决心。”后来的实践证明,这个想法是对的。周副司令并不按计划出牌。例如部队进入疏散隐蔽地域后,“方面军”要我们上报防空雷达配置图。我心里明白,这是导演部要派侦察飞机选择利用我雷达盲区进入。通信处长请示,是否按真实配置情况上报。我答复:当然按现在真实情况报告,但他们没有规定不准调整部署,20分钟后调整雷达配置地域,在原来的盲区部署两部雷达,同时上报。果然,刚调整并上报完毕,防空指挥部就报告发现一架“敌机”向我隐蔽地域飞来。我命令高炮部队“跟踪哑射”,并向方面军报告。方面军马上指示不准射击,说军区首长在飞机上。据说,经过空中侦察,我集团军大量人员装备没有暴露任何目标。周副司令员对此很满意。在后来的演习过程中,“蓝军”曾派直升机在我指挥所附近企图机降“捉俘虏”,但见到我们警戒分队包围上来,只得无功而返。

机械化师在长途开进中,方面军连续4次变更开进路线和输送方式,有的驾驶员48小时没合眼。张美远师长在装甲指挥车里,用沙哑的嗓子向军指挥所报告开进情况和处置决心,部队按时到达集结地域,展开进攻准备。

集团军机关开进到朱日和地区后,在1461高地开设指挥所,开始进行现地侦察,研究判断情况,定下进攻战役决心和完成作战部署。在这里,我签发了司作字第 28号文件,规定搭设集团军基本指挥所,建立包括集团军各指挥要素在内的指挥中心。司令部给工兵团下达命令:一天之内完成土工作业,第二天指挥所要进驻展开工作。工兵团梁团长用浓重的山西口音对我说:“军长,我保证完成任务,但你得先批给我点钱,我挖好坑还得买木料、苇席做被覆哩!”我说:“这是在打仗,我没有一分钱给你,你们不能想想别的办法吗?”看到工兵团长为难的样子,我说:“这样办,你挖好方坑,然后用已经淘汰的轻型钢桥做横梁,上面盖坦克蒙布。 ”听我这样一说,他的愁眉舒展了,但又说:“那也得用点钱买木桩把蒙布固定住啊!”我说:“你派兵上山搬大石头,把蒙布四周压住,这更符合实战要求。”这个问题就这样解决了。没想到在沙漠地挖好四方形大坑以后,周边就坍塌了下来。梁团长蹲在坑边,半小时没说话。有人提醒说,用抗洪剩下的草袋装沙子堆墙。集团军指挥中心就这样建起来了。

军区导演部有位王联络官,是位兢兢业业的细心人,在联络任务之外,常常不打招呼到我们指挥中心摸情况。特别是我们在研究作战方案的时候,由于是实兵对抗演习,很怕被“蓝军”事先掌握,所以不得不对王联络官“防着点”。有天半夜时分,我们正俯在地图上研究作战方案。接到哨兵报告,说王联络官来了,大家迅速沿交通壕分散隐蔽起来。参谋们把我拉到炮兵指挥部的帐篷里躲起来。王联络官转了一圈,喃喃自语:“奇怪,在外面还听到里面讲话,怎么一个人也没有了呢!”他走后,我们哈哈大笑,又回到作战室继续研究进攻方案。

在最后6昼夜的连续演习中,前3天我没有睡过觉。对我来说,这只是在抗美援朝战争和1955年参加辽东抗登陆大演习时经历过。所不同的是,那时我是下级军官,打个瞌睡没人注意。这次有用微波传输的摄像机24小时对着我,一举一动、每一个情况处置,都能被导演部和参观团看到。时间长了,眼睛被摄像机的灯光晃得很难受。还有阵地通话器把我每句话都实时传到司令部各部门。高技术是好,但也能折腾人。刘丕训参谋长对我说:“军长,现在部队进攻发展顺利,我替你顶一下,你下去休息一刻钟,有大情况招呼你。”我回到帐篷,口渴得很,看见桌上有半个西瓜,捧起就吃,总觉得舌头有点别扭,吐出来一看,原来我把爬在西瓜上的大硬壳虫也送到嘴里了。
大演习在夜间结束,天亮以后就进行阅兵。为了保护草场,所有坦克、装甲车、汽车、火炮必须沿一条道路返回和开进到阅兵场,副军长与军务参谋一起制定行进序列,落实到每一辆坦克、装甲车、火炮、汽车。天亮后,井然有序地排列完毕,接受总参和军区首长检阅。在整个演习和阅兵中,充分显示我集团军官兵的优良军事素质和顽强的战斗作风。前来指导演习的总参军训部郭正元副部长评价说:“演习全过程,反映了集团军和师指挥员有较好的素质,战役意识也很强,特别是在一些较大的情况判断和处置上,更能充分地反映出这一点。”总参办公厅康成仁处长说,演习“反映出军师主官及部队素质,都比我们原来想象的要好。如果我军指挥员都能达到这样的指挥水平,我军的建设将会大大地跨进一步”。

一个国家只有强大才能赢得尊严

1986年底,我参加军委扩大会议期间,当时的国防部长张爱萍将军派人把他亲笔写的条幅送给我,那上面写的是:“勇于改革,善于创新,面向未来,建设新军。”我知道,组建机械化集团军是他担任军委副秘书长兼国防部长时提出的建议并具体组织落实的。他一直关心这项工作,墨宝上的话是对我们集团军完成试点任务的肯定,也代表老一辈革命家对我们年轻一代军人的嘱托与期望。1988年3月,我在军委办公厅陪同军委杨尚昆副主席观看八一电影制片厂摄制的《机械化集团军进攻战役演习》纪录片,杨副主席对我说:“演习很成功。本来我是要去阅兵的,但对面国家的领导人那时去了远东并看望部队,为避免增加对抗气氛,我才改变计划。军委专门发了贺电,你们收到了吗?”我说:“收到了,我们向全体指战员宣读了,部队很受鼓舞。”他还问了机械化集团军存在的问题和改进意见,我都据实作了汇报。

内蒙朱日和地区大演习,是新中国成立以来动用坦克和装甲车辆最多的一次实兵实弹对抗检验性演习。在国际上都有影响。我们演习时,对面的外国军队也同时进行以我集团军为假想敌的对抗演习。他们与我们是同一时间发起进攻,同一时间二梯队投入交战,同一时间结束战役演习和检阅部队。如果双方对进的话,要不了几个小时就碰面了。世事沧桑,冷战结束后,我随中国军事代表团出国访问,遇到当年在我们对面演习的一位将军。我们有一段对话——

他说:“我没到过中国,但我在望远镜里看到过。1986年我是团长,你们有个集团军在对面进行大演习,我们也在这边搞对抗演习。”

我告诉他,我就是当年在他们对面中国境内指挥演习的集团军军长。

他说:“都过去了,现在干杯吧!”

我说:“为了友谊。”

从枪炮瞄准到用酒杯“瞄准”,历史翻过了严峻的一页。一个国家只有强大和统一才能赢得和平与尊严。

中国北部的战云消散了,但来自其他方向对我国安全的威胁仍然存在。我已经退休了,寄希望于新一代军人牢记党、国家和人民的期望与嘱托,不断提高保卫国家安全的能力。能战方能言和,有备才能无患。要枕戈待旦、秣马厉兵,迎接新的挑战。

Thursday, October 23, 2008

Zhuhai Air show news

中国航空工业集团公司防务事业部研发部部长王文飞强调,此次珠海航展展示是的中国航空工业的先进水平,L15、歼十、枭龙都将参展,这是一次大比拼、大比武,不能有丝毫差错

珠海航展L15每天将进行一至两个架次飞行表演,歼十、枭龙都将参展

10月13日,L15高级教练机成品工作会在洪都集团公司举行。中国航空工业集团公司防务事业部研发部部长王文飞、科研生产部部长周国仪、洪都集团总经理谢根华和101厂、103厂、105厂等十余家配套厂、所单位的代表参加了会议。
在会上,谢根华指出,猎鹰(L15)03架高教机目前已飞了30多个架次,即将参加2008珠海航展。在珠海航展上每天都将进行一至两个架次的飞行表演,如此大密度飞行对猎鹰L15是一个考验。希望各成附厂家通力合作,做好猎鹰L15飞机的备件保障工作,确保猎鹰L15在珠海航展上飞得精彩、飞得漂亮。
王文飞强调,此次珠海航展展示是的中国航空工业的先进水平,歼十、枭龙都将参展,这是一次大比拼、大比武,不能有丝毫差错。各承制厂一定要高度重视,严格按照技术质量归零的要求,强化故障管理,制定应急处置方案,做好备件的后勤保障工作。
猎鹰高教机总设计师张弘介绍了猎鹰(L15)03架目前的技术状态以及在珠海航展上的日程安排,强调了任务的紧迫性和成品质量的重要性。
随后,洪都集团分机电航电、电器仪表两个小组与各成品承制厂所进行技术协调,并签订协调单。(曾萱 肖卫华)



http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3784685&c=AIR&s=TOP
China Prepares for Zhuhai Air Show
By wendell minnick
Published: 23 Oct 11:56 EDT (15:56 GMT)
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Taipei - China is preparing for its 7th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition for Nov. 4-9 in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, in southern China.

The government-sponsored show features exhibitors from 35 countries, including: 20 French companies - the Safran Group, Snecma and Thales; 40 Russian companies - Irkut, Rosoboronexport and Sukhoi Aviation; three from the United Kingdom - Rolls Royce; five Ukrainian companies - Antonov; and 24 U.S. companies - Boeing, GE Aviation, Rockwell Collins, Pratt & Whitney, Sikorsky and United Technologies.
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More than 100 Chinese defense and aerospace companies, including government organizations, are scheduled to exhibit. The exhibition center has been renovated, which consisted of "rebuilding and decorations, including renovating all three exhibition halls, the press center, chalets and the comprehensive village," said a press release.

Show officials are expecting more than 200,000 public visitors, compared with 180,000 in 2006. The increase is due to the planned attendance of three Chinese astronauts, along with one or more of the re-entry vehicles.

China conducted its first space walk in September. It was the third manned space mission in five years. China has a stated goal of putting a space station in orbit and conducting a manned mission to the moon by 2020.

This year, China is expected to finally display the J-10 "Vigorous Dragon" fighter. Show officials promised in 2006 to display the aircraft, but the fighter never appeared. With a delta-canard configuration, the J-10 is a single-engine, multirole fighter built by the Chengdu Aircraft Corp.

It has been the subject of much speculation since its first test flight in 1998. The Chinese media finally acknowledged its existence in 2006, despite years of reporting in the international press. Based on the Israeli-designed Lavi fighter, it is considered a competitor to Lockheed Martin's F-16 on the international arms market and a model for its stealth fighter program.

Reportedly, Chengdu is working on a J-13 stealth fighter based on the J-10, and the Shenyang Aircraft Corp. is working on the J-12 stealth fighter based on a different design.

Show officials would give no details on what military aircraft would be on display, but the 2006 show included 52 commercial and military aircraft, including the Hongdu L-15 Advanced Trainer, along with 10 different UAVs, including the Tianyi (Sky Wing) and Soar Dragon UAVs.

There were also new conceptual models on display, including the stealthy Anjian (Dark Sword) unmanned combat aerial vehicle. This year, helicopter deals are expected in both the commercial and military market.

"China has become the fastest-growing market in the world" for helicopters, said a show press release, with 1,600 new helicopters to be procured by China by 2010. "Currently, there are only 400 helicopters in use in China's public service, such as police, rescue and fire control, far from being enough," said a press release.

The recent earthquake in Sichuan Province demonstrated a strong need for more helicopters.

Friday, October 17, 2008

Ecuador Looks to Buy Arms in China

Beijing, Oct 14 (Prensa Latina) Ecuadorian Defense Minister Marcelo Delgado announced his presence in China responds to the interest of his government to open their doors to other markets for the supply of their armed forces.

Delgado is now visiting Beijing to closely know the military industry of the Asian nation and the possibility of evaluating transportation materials and other equipment necessary for the modernization of Ecuador Army.

In interview with China Defense Minister Liang Guanglie, both agreed Ecuador is to evaluate some of these equipment to determine they are the ones needed for the conditions of Ecuador.

Ecuadorian Minister recalled US and Israel have traditionally been the suppliers of armaments for Ecuador.

After visiting Beijing, the delegation will go to Nanking, where there is a company producer of radars, as well as places of military interest in Hangzhou and Shanghai.

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PL-43
http://www.plenglish.com/article.asp?ID={E3485A93-B392-41E7-8E3B-3FBB3C740FEA})&language=EN

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

ref: Chinese naval squadron calls at Vladivostok Tuesday

They arrived.






Chinese naval squadron calls at Vladivostok Tuesday

14.10.2008, 05.26


VLADIVOSTOK, October 14 (Itar-Tass) - A squadron of combatant ships of the naval forces of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China, called here on Tuesday for a visit. The squadron consists of the destroyer "Tai Zhou" and the guided missile frigate "Ma Anshan".

An officer in the information and public relations service of Russia's Pacific Feet (PF) has told Itar-Tass that the naval squadron's four-day visit is made under the flag of Vice-Admiral Xu Hungmeng, Commander of the PLA's East Sea (Sea of Japan) Fleet, who arrived in the main city of the Primorsky Territory for this purpose earlier in the day.

"The present meeting between Russian and Chinese navy men pursues the main aim: to promote a further development of naval cooperation between the navies of our two countries," the PF information service officer pointed out.

The programme for the visit is traditional: the PF Command and the PT administration chief will receive Chinese seamen. The programme also envisages bus tours, basketball competitions, and a number of official functions and informal get-togethers of the seamen of the two countries. Hosts on the Russian side are the large anti-submarine ships Admiral Panteleyev and Admiral Tributs.

This is a fifth call at Vladivostok by a Chinese naval squadron. Last time naval ships of the PLA and PF Marines participated in large-scale bilateral anti-terrorist exercises "Peace Mission-2005" that took place in the area of the Liaodong Peninsula.
http://www.itar-tass.com/eng/level2.html?NewsID=13169248&PageNum=0